Thomas hobbes, (born april 5, 1588, westport, wiltshire, england—died december 4, 1679, hardwick hall, derbyshire), english philosopher, scientist, and historian, best known for his political philosophy, especially as articulated in his masterpiece leviathan (1651) hobbes viewed government primarily. John locke witnessed and contributed to a period of turbulent change in english history england experienced ferment in politics, economics, religion, philosophy, literature, and science throughout the seventeenth century at the outset of the century, the english monarch, james i (1603-25), proclaimed the divine right of. John milton (9 december 1608 – 8 november 1674) was an english poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the commonwealth of england under its council of state and later under oliver cromwell he wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem paradise lost.
These essays, taken together with the new essay, 'hobbes and the royal society' , cast important light on the london context for hobbes, the humanist and client of 'philosophy and philosophers seem[ing] to have burst upon the scene in the late seventeenth century with terrifying force' and of 'a vast turbulence in every. Matthew k suess, punishment in the state of nature: john locke and criminal punishment in the united states of america, 7 wash holland during the reign of the restored king charles ii—returning to england with william iii—john locke lived through a turbulent period of history” mvc jeffreys john locke, 4 brit.
John locke and thomas hobbes' accounts of the state of nature differ greatly with regards to individual security both present a stateless scenario but draw completely different conclusions, with inhabitants of locke's state of nature having greater security than those in hobbes' one reason for these.